The history of Brazilian coffee is an interesting one. Brazil is the largest producer of coffee in the world, so it is only right that we explore the history of coffee from Brazil.
Coffee was initially introduced to Brazil in the early 18th century by Francisco de Mello Palheta. The plants came from Cayenne, French Guiana. Coffee production quickly took off in Brazil and in order to keep up with demand, a quota system was introduced by the Brazilian Institute do Cafe (IBC). Unfortunately, this quota system was focused on price and quantity rather than quality.
In order to keep up with the demands, high-quality beans and low-quality beans were mixed together with no care for where or how they were grown. They were labeled with the port from which they were shipped out. For this reason, Brazilian coffee was thought of as only suitable for blending. This is in large part due to the fact that the beans were already combined together, so they were not able to be roasted according to their variety which is essential to bring out the most flavor from the beans.
After the downfall of the IBC in the early 90’s, the quotas broke. No longer were they worried about hitting specific demands, but instead they were able to start focusing on quality. Now the beans are not only seen as a good base for espresso blends but also for their unique flavor profiles. Brazilian coffee is starting to grow in the specialty coffee market and has a bright future there.
The coffee beans from Brazil are harvested using the strip method and are processed using a variety of techniques. Most of the coffee in Brazil is processed using the dry method though since they have the right weather for it.
Over 70% of the beans produced in Brazil are Arabica beans. They grow several different varieties of Arabica beans including, Bourbon, Typica, Caturra, and Munro Novo. Due to the fact that there are many different varieties of beans grown and the fact that coffee is grown in many different conditions all over the country of Brazil, there are many different flavor profiles that come from the coffee produced in Brazil.
We hope you enjoyed learning about the world’s largest producer of coffee. Here at Java Advisor, we have several different coffees from Brazil including Brazil 'Moreninha Formosa', Brazil Cerrado, and Brazil Santos. Try one out and let us know what you think!